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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 | History

3 edition of On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer found in the catalog.

On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer

On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer

  • 267 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration in [Washington, D.C.? .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Low temperature engineering.,
  • Fluid dynamics (Space environment)

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJohn C. Aydelott and John P. Gille and Ralph N. Eberhardt.
    SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 83688.
    ContributionsGille, John P., Eberhardt, Ralph N., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15317473M

    These engines could be used for efficient planetary ascent/descent, orbit transfer, launch boost, intercept, etc. The storage aspects could lead to developments in lunar, Mars-based or on-orbit cryogenic fluid storage applications. For example, the cooling of optics and detectors to reduce signal noise in infrared (IR) telescopes and the reduction of boil-off during long-term on-orbit storage of cryogenic fluids for propulsion systems and laser weapons are two of the principal applications of cryogenic cooling technologies for .


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On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer Download PDF EPUB FB2

Have a significantlyhigherboil-offrateon orbit transfer,where severaldistinctprocessesor duetothegreaterheat leakwhich resultsfrom the phenomenawilloccur simultaneously,itmay be largerandmore numeroussupportstrutsrequiredto impossibletomaintaindimensionalsimilitudeCited by: 9.

Cryogenic fluid transfer operations in the low-gravity environment of Earth orbit are necessary for many NASA mission concepts.

Fluid transfer brings several benefits to the performance of space missions. Spacecraft already on orbit can be resupplied with cryogenic propellants, coolant fluids Cited by: Get this from a library. On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer. [John C Aydelott; John P Gille; Ralph N Eberhardt; United States.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer. By J. Aydelott, J. Gille and R. Eberhardt. Abstract. A number of future NASA and DOD missions have been identified that will require, or could benefit from resupply of cryogenic liquids in orbit.

The most promising approach for accomplishing cryogenic fluid transfer in the weightlessness environment. It begins with a chapter introducing the thermodynamic relations and functional forms for equations of state, and goes on to describe the requirements for thermodynamic property formulations, needed for the complete definition of the thermodynamic properties of a fluid.

The core of the book comprises extensive data tables and charts for the most commonly-encountered cryogenic by: On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer.

By J. Gille, R. Eberhardt and J. Aydelott. Abstract. A number of future NASA and DOD missions have been identified that will require, or could benefit from resupply of cryogenic liquids in orbit. The most promising approach for accomplishing cryogenic fluid transfer in the weightlessness environment.

Cryogenic fluid transfer allows the reuse of hardwa re already in orbit, thus reducing lift mass. Stages Stages initially filled on-orbit can eliminate many of the sy stems and structural mass Author: David Chato. Subcritical cryogenic fluid management (CFM) has long been recognized as an enabling technology for future space applications such as Space Transfer Vehicles (for nearearth, lunar and interplanetary missions) and On-Orbit Cryogenic Fuel Depots.

Space Station Freedom may also derive benefits from an understanding of by: 1. Welcome to our Cryogenics Website. What Cryogenics Is And Isn't. Cryogenics is the study of low temperatures, from about On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer book ( Fahrenheit) down to absolute zero.

In more detail, cryogenics is: the study of how to produce low temperatures; the study of what happens to materials when you've cooled them down. Abstract. The Cryogenic On-Orbit Liquid Depot Storage, Acquisition and Transfer Satellite (COLD-SAT) is an experimental spacecraft launched from an expendable launch vehicle which is designed to investigate the systems and technologies required for efficient, effective and reliable management of cryogenic fluid in the reduced gravity space : William J.

Bailey. the prior techniques ineffective for microgravity cryogenic refueling [1]. Cryogenic On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer book transfer allows the reuse of hardware already in orbit, thus reducing lift mass.

Stages initially filled on-orbit can eliminate many of the systems and structural mass required to support and maintain cryogens on the launch pad. Transfer allows tanksFile Size: KB.

Many future space based vehicles and satellites will require on orbit refuelling procedures. Cryogenic fluid management technology is being developed to assess the requirements of such procedures as well as to aid in the design and development of these vehicles.

Cryogenic fluid management technology for this application could be divided into two areas of study, one is concerned with fluid. Perhaps the most important and widely-used fluids are liquefied natural gas or LNG (bp = boiling point about K), liquid oxygen (bp K) and liquid nitrogen (bp K).

The availability of cryogenic fluids forms an essential part of the infrastructure of a modem industrialized and civilized society. According to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), ‘Cryogenic temperature range’ generally refers to temperatures below On-orbit cryogenic fluid transfer book i.e.

Cryogenic Engineering deals with production, storage, transfer and safe handling, measurement and utilization of cryogenic fluids. Cryogenic fluid transfer operations in the low-gravity environment of Earth orbit are necessary for many NASA mission concepts.

Fluid transfer brings several benefits to the performance of space. Cryogenic fluid transfer and handling for spacecraft propulsion systems, launch facility ground processing, and Lunar surface systems are critical to the advancement of NASA’s exploration goals.

Technology development in cryogenic fluid transfer and handling directly supports the Lunar Lander, Ground Operations, Ares, and Lunar Surface Systems programs.

Cryogenic Fluid Management (CFM) technology is an integral part of exploration systems for Earth-to-Orbit Transportation, manned missions to the Moon and Mars, Planetary Exploration, and In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU).

For the Superfluid Helium On Orbit Transfer (SHOOT) mission, ARC developed the flight flowmeters and the flight and. Get this from a library. COLD-SAT: Cryogenic On-Orbit Liquid Depot--Storage, Acquisition, Transfer. [United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.;].

The Cryogenic On-Orbit Liquid Depot Storage, Acquisition, and Transfer Satellite (COLD-SAT) is an experimental spacecraft launched from an expendable launch vehicle which is designed to investigate the systems and technologies required for efficient, effective, and reliable management of cryogenic fluid in the reduced gravity space environment.

This introduction to the principles of low-temperature engineering emphasizes the design and analysis of cryogenic systems. The new edition includes fresh material on superconductivity, liquid natural gas technology, rectification system design, refrigerators, and instrumentation.5/5(3).

Cryogenic fluid management technology is being developed to assess the requirements of such procedures as well as to aid in the design and development of these vehicles. Cryogenic fluid management technology for this application could be divided into two areas of study, one is concerned with fluid transfer process and the other with cryogenic.

The Superfluid Helium On-Orbit Transfer Flight Experiment (SHOOT) is designed to demonstrate the techniques and components required for orbital superfluid (He II) replenishment of observatories and satellites. One of the tasks planned in the experiment is to cool a warm cryogen tank and a warm transfer line to liquid helium : Y.

Ng, J. Lee. Introduction to Cryogenic Engineering MONDAY From History to Modern Refrigeration Cycles (G. Perinić) TUESDAY Standard Components, Cryogenic Design (G.

Perinić) WEDNESDAY Heat Transfer and Insulation (G. Vandoni) THURSDAY Safety, Information Resources (G. Perinić) FRIDAY Applications of Cryogenic Engineering (T.

Niinikoski). RRM3 is an on-orbit cryogenic transfer experiment payload for the International Space Station. The fluid management device is a key component of the source Dewar to ensure the ullage bubble is located away from the outlet during transfer. The FMD also facilitates demonstration of radio frequency mass gauging within the source Dewar.

RRM3 robotic operations will focus on the final step of connecting, sealing and managing the hoses needed to enable cryogenic fuel transfer on-orbit. Since launch in DecemberRRM3 demonstrated the first ever long-term storage of cryogenic fluid with zero boil off, having successfully stored cryogenic fluid for four months on station prior.

In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures. It is not well defined at what point on the temperature scale refrigeration ends and cryogenics begins, but scientists assume a gas to be cryogenic if it can be liquefied at or below − °C ( K; − °F).

The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology considers the field of. This book, viz. Cryogenic Engineering: Software solutions – Vol II, is the second in the series on Cryogenic Engineering: Software Solutions, and deals with the liquefaction of gases. Vol I of the series, published earlier, dealt with: Introduction and properties of cryogenic fluids and properties of materials at low temperatures.

First there is an introduction to the behavior of materials at cryogenic temperatures—solids, liquids, and gases. A review of the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer at low temperatures is provided. Cryogenic refrigeration cycles are modelled and analyzed.

An orbital propellant depot is a cache of propellant that is placed in orbit around Earth or another body to allow spacecraft or the transfer stage of the spacecraft to be fueled in space.

It is one of the types of space resource depot that have been proposed for enabling infrastructure-based space exploration.

Transfer Lines. This article, written by Dr. John Weisend, was originally published in the Winter issue of Cold Facts as part of his series, Defining Cryogenics. Transfer lines may in some real sense be thought of as the cryogenic fluid analogy of current leads.

Surface Tension PMD Tank for On Orbit Fluid Transfer. Mission demonstration concept for the long-duration storage and transfer of cryogenic propellants. Development of simulation testbed for autonomous On-Orbit Servicing technology.

Simple, robust cryogenic. Fundamentals of Cryogenics. This is a comprehensive three-day course on the fundamentals of Cryogenics. The course is self-contained with lectures on properties of cryogenic material and cryogens, heat transfer and thermodynamics at low temperatures. • NASA is focusing on the development of cryogenic acquisition and storage technologies and cryogenic transfer and handling technologies needed to provide necessary data and relevant experiences to support our customers’ needs to make informed decisions on the implementation of cryogenic Size: 1MB.

Abstract: The cryogenic fluid transfer technique will prove useful for flexible and low‐cost space activities by prolonging the life cycle of satellites, orbital transfer vehicles, and orbital telescopes that employ cryogenic fluids, such as reactants, coolants, and propellants.

Although NASA has conducted extensive research on this technique to date, a complicated mechanism is required to Author: Osamu Kawanami, Ryoji Imai, Hisao Azuma, Haruhiko Ohta, Itsuro Honda, Yousuke Kawashima.

Flagship Technology Demonstrations: CRYOGENIC Propellant STorage And Transfer (CRYOSTAT) Mission Stephan Davis/MSFC May – Demonstrate in-space cryogenic fluid management systems • In-orbit transfer of propellants allows space vehicles to be refueled on-orbit. Air Liquide (Paris:AI) announced on Wednesday the signing of several contracts for the supply of cryogenic equipments for the propulsion of the future European launcher Ariane 6, as well as for the design and production of the cryogenic fluid systems of the new Ariane Launcher System (ELA4) of the Guiana Space Centre.

potentially cause pressure buildup in cryogenic containment vessels and transfer lines. Adequate pressure relief must be provided to all parts of a system to permit this routine outgassing and prevent explosion. 4) Explosion - Chemical Cryogenic fluids with a boiling point below that of liquid oxygen are able to condense oxygen from the Size: KB.

Cryogenic fluid storage-vessel and transfer line design has progressed rapidly as a result of the growing use of cryogenic liquids in many areas of engineering and science.

The development of the Dewar vessel represented such an improvement in cryogenic fluid storage vessels that it could be classed as a “break-through” in container design.

Baffles are used to increase velocity of the fluid flowing outside the tubes ("shellside" fluid) and to support the tubes. Higher velocities have the advantage of increasing heat transfer and decreasing fouling (material deposit on the tubes), but have the disadvantage of increasing pressure drop (more energy consumption per unit of fluid flow).File Size: 1MB.

Advanced Materials Technology, Inc (AMTI) responds to the NASA SBIR solicitation X8 "Space Cryogenic Systems" under subtopic X, "Cryogenic Fluid Transfer and Handling". On Orbit Thermal Environments By Steve Rickman (JSC-C) Numerical Modeling of Cryogenic Fluid Management The applications include chilldown of cryogenic transfer line, no vent chill and fill, boil-off and self-pressurization of cryogenic tank.

Modeling of two phase flow, phase change and conjugate heat transfer are the highlights of.Their design consists of a float—usually a sphere—enclosed in a tube. The float responds to change in velocity of the fluid (gas, air, or liquid) by moving up or down the flow tube.

The variable area principle of operation is: fluid flow velocity raises a float in a tapered tube, increasing the area for passage of the fluid.Settled Cryogenic Propellant Transfer AIAA simplified and enables the maximum use of existing, reliable, mature upper stage cryogenic-fluid-management (CFM) techniques.

Due to settling, large-scale propellant transfer the up to 95 days of on-orbit waiting for the launch of the CEV.