Last edited by Malazragore
Monday, April 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Knowledge of India among educated Greeks down to the time of Arrian. found in the catalog.

Knowledge of India among educated Greeks down to the time of Arrian.

Terence Reginald Robinson

Knowledge of India among educated Greeks down to the time of Arrian.

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Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.A.)--The Queens" University of Belfast, 1960.

The Physical Object
Pagination1 v
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19927883M

7. Bactria, India and Carmania Persia and Babylonia Attributions and deductions-- Part II: Plutarch's reflective passages and Alexander's personality-- Part III. Arrian's Sources for the Anabasis Alexandrou: The methodology of Arrian From Macedonia to the Tanais From the Tanais to the Indus valley The whole Western and Central Mediterranean and the northern Black Sea region, as well as the norhern Balkan remained in independent. Furthermore the Greeks did have a rough picture of the Atlantic by voyagers from Massalia. I suggest to reword it to "a large part of the world known to the ancient Greeks and expanded their knowledge of the East".   Asserting that modern science would be unrecognisable without the contributions of ancient Indian scientists like Aryabhata and Sushruta, a .


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Knowledge of India among educated Greeks down to the time of Arrian. by Terence Reginald Robinson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ancient History Sourcebook: Arrian: Anabasis Alexandri: Book VIII (Indica) the dance called among Greeks the 'cordax'; and taught them to wear long hair in honour of the god, and instructed them in the wearing of the conical cap and the anointings with perfumes; so that the Indians came out even against Alexander to battle with the sound of.

Arrian's life. Arrian was born in Nicomedia (present-day İzmit), the provincial capital of called him Flavius Arrianus Nicomediansis. In respect of his birth date, sources provide similar dates for his birth; within a few years prior to 90, 89, and 85–90 : c.

86, Nicomedia, Bithynia, Anatolia. Arrian, Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. He was the author of a work describing the campaigns of Alexander the Great. Titled Anabasis, presumably in order to recall Xenophon’s work of that title, it describes Alexander’s.

Arrian's Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander's adulta description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus.5/5(5).

Arrian's History of Alexander's expedition Arrian's History of Alexander's expedition by Arrian; Rooke, Knowledge of India among educated Greeks down to the time of Arrian. book, fl. tr. Publication date Language English; Greek Volume 2. Book digitized by Google from the library of Harvard University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.

First published Addeddate Pages:   Addeddate Identifier AncientIndiaAsDescribedByMegasthenesAndArrianByMccrindleJ.W Identifier-ark ark://t6rz01k99 Ocr ABBYY FineReader We can assess that it was very reliable looking back on who he sourced and how he describe the campaigns of Alexander.

Arrian, Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. He was th. Book Three. Enters Egypt without opposition. Founds Alexandria (the first of many cities so founded and named). Tenedos has revolted against the Persians and joined with AG, along with Chios, Mitylene, and others.

AG has pothos to visit the shrine of Ammon (Zeus to the Greeks) in Libyan desert at the oasis of Siwah miles west of Thebes. Arrian (The Campaigns of Alexander - 2nd Century AD) Arrian's first mention of Hephaestion comes in Book I of his account, when Alexander and his army visit the ruins of Troy.

There, Arrian writes that Alexander traded armor at the Temple of Athen. The Campaigns of Alexander (Classics Book ) - Kindle edition by Arrian, Betty Radice, J. Hamilton, Aubrey De Selincourt.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Campaigns of Alexander (Classics Book )/5(80).

Brunt linked this to Alexander’s growing belief in his own divinity – if he was a god, then the whole world should bow down to him. By this interpretation, Alexander appears as a classical Napoleon or Hitler, led on by his growing megalomania to conquer more, and further, until eventually geography (and death) imposed their own, devastating.

xliii CHRONOLOGICALOUTLINE OF EVENTS by Book/Chapter/Section in Arrian’s Anabasis Alexandrou Book 1: The Campaigns in Europe and Western Asia (I) Preface Arrian identifies his chief sources, Ptolemy and Aristoboulos.

Autumn MACEDONIA –3 Philip II is assassinated, Alexander becomes king. Spring BALKANS – Alexander puts down revolts of subject Size: 2MB. Start studying Chapter 4, Section 4.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In its time, this city was the most magnificent city in the world with ½ million people, paved streets, and an extensive library. Hellenistic the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great.

The civilization that built the Sphinx, raised the pyramids and built the world's first library also produced the world's first physician, created geometry and astronomy and were among the first to explore the nature of our existence. And they passed their knowledge along to the Greeks.

Modern people, in turn, have benefited greatly from this. Arrian Arrian Research Papers study a Greek historian and his many accounts of Alexander's life. Arrian was a Greek historian best known for his accounts of Alexander's exploits. This Arrian research paper topic suggestion will offer a critical analysis of Arrian's work, including an evaluation of his methods in comparison to his contemporaries as well as views of modern writers.

Megasthenes (/ m ɪ ˈ ɡ æ s θ ɪ n iː z / mi-GAS-thi-neez; Ancient Greek: Μεγασθένης, c. – c. BC) was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic described India in his book Indika, which is now lost, but has been partially reconstructed from literary fragments found in later for: Indika, a book on ancient India.

Among Arrian’s other sources was Nearchus of Crete. After the conquest of India Nearchus was assigned the duty of bringing the Greek fleet from the mouth of the Indus to Susa. The work that Nearchus composed describing this long voyage was to furnish Arrian with the essential material for his History of India (Indica), which is, in fact.

Indians Righteous Free Never Invaded, Arrian Greek Historian 2 BC. A duly qualified man can obtain more knowledge of India in one year in his closet in England than he could obtain during the course of the longest life, by the use of his eyes and ears in India. The following excerpt is from the Greek Historian Arrian(2 BC),in His book.

Enter your search terms separated by spaces, then press. Avoid punctuation except as indicated below. Inspired in his leadership, fearless in battle, and boundless in his ambition, Alexander the Great inherited his father's empire at the age of 20 and resolved to expand it.

By the time of his death at 32, his empire covered most of the known world - from Greece to India - and comprised 2 million square miles. His achievement was - and remains - unparalleled. 8. What the early Greeks knew about India did not amount to much and it was not accurate either. Nevertheless, the writings of Hekataios, Herodotus and Ktesias did not only evoke some awareness of India ‘s existence among the educated Greek but also added a very important chapter to cultural history of India and Greece.

From award-winning historian Robin Lane Fox, Alexander the Great searches through the mass of conflicting evidence and legend to focus on Alexander as a man of his own time. Tough, resolute, fearless, Alexander was a born warrior and ruler of passionate ambition who understood the intense adventure of conquest and of the unknown/5.

Arrian (Indica, I. vii) drawing from the book of the Greek Ambassador Magasthenes writes “Dionysus founded cities and gave laws to those cities and introduced the use of wine among the Indians as he had done among the Greeks, and taught them to sow land, himself supplying the is also said Dionysus first yoked oxen to the plough.

The description of the land, rivers, kingdoms can be used as references and compares to contemporary travelogues to bring out a clearer picture of India in the time of Alexander, I took too long to finish the digital copy of this book due to the written English style and plenty of names to remember and relate/5.

This book provides a new perspective on the sources of Alexander's reign by rigorously examining the methods of historians of the time, particularly those of Arrian.

From Arrian to Alexander - A. Bosworth - Oxford University Press. This text is part of the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for. Arrian: Alexander the Great (c. B.C.) and before the alarm and despondency among the men could go still further, he, called a meeting of his officers and addressed them in the following words: who for years had kept watching for their moment to strike us down, he brought so low—and by this time I myself was working at my.

The historian AB Bosworth therefore declared Arrian unreliable -- firstly, because his sources were unreliable (especially Ptolemy), and secondly because Arrian then interpreted them incorrectly. Arrian's history concentrated on what happened, with occasional moral judgements on Alexander.

Strengths of Arrian * used contemporary sources. Now, according to Greek mythology (actually history, as far as the ancient Greeks were concerned), Alexander was not the first Greek to reach India. Arrian talks about Dionysus' and Hercules’ expeditions into India. And of course, the Greeks had knowledge of the lands beyond Hydaspes.

(Michael Sakellariou, Macedonia: years of Greek History, p). However, in the process he NOT once mention the ancient writings that clearly show that the Macedonian was a distinct language and not a "dialect of Greek" (the testimony of Quintus Curtius Rufus The History of Alexander p, Plutarch Alexan Ps.

The Landmark Arrian is an important new edition of The Campaigns of Alexander, the most authoritative ancient account of one of the world's most brilliant military leaders. During twelve years of continuous campaigns, Alexander conquered an empire that stretched from the shores of the Adriatic to the edge of modern India.

Arrian's history of those conquests, the most reliable and detailed Reviews: 1. Immediately download the Arrian summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching Arrian.

Can whoever still has rights put the following citation against the quotation of Arrian at the end of the greek and latin source section: 'The Campaigns of Alexander', Arrian, Book One, Page My version is the Penguin Classics edition (ISBN ) from the translation by Aubrey De Selincourt.

See other formats. Full text of "Ancient India As Described By Megasthenes And Arrian by Mccrindle, J. W" Ancient India As Described By Megasthenes And Arrian by Mccrindle, J.

But Arrian, looking back some five centuries from his own time, expresses doubt about whether Alexander could have claimed kinship with the people of Nysa in India The sixth and seventh chapters move to epigraphical evidence, in which we can at least be confident of the historicity of the diplomacy and the fact that kinship was invoked.

The Battle of Gaugamela (/ ˌ ɡ ɔː ɡ ə ˈ m iː l ə /; Greek: Γαυγάμηλα), also called the Battle of Arbela (Greek: Ἄρβηλα), was the decisive battle of Alexander the Great's invasion of the Persian Achaemenid BC Alexander's army of the Hellenic League met the Persian army of Darius III near Gaugamela, close to the modern city of Dohuk in Iraqi on: Probably Tel Gomel (Gaugamela) near Erbil.

Appointments of governors are duly mentioned, and throughout his book Arrian is careful to give the father’s name in the case of Macedonians, e.g. Ptolemy son of Lagus, and in the case of Greeks their city of origin.” [p][7] “In the spring of Alexander set out from Macedonia, leaving Antipater w infantry and 1, cavalry.

Arrian, or Lucius Flavius Arrianus, was a Greek born of well-to-do parents at Nicomedia, the capital of the Roman province of Bithynia, probalbly a few years before A.D. His father had been granted Roman citizenship which enabled Arrian to take up his career in the imperial service.

In about A.D. he studied philosophy under Epictetus and wrote down his sayings in the Discourses, and a /5(71). Arrian records the chieftain Cleitus the Illyrian as sacrificing three boys, three girls and three rams just before his battle with Alexander the Great.

The most common type of burial among the Iron Age Illyrians was tumulus or mound burial. The kin of the first tumuli was buried around that, and the higher the status of those in these burials. Why the Greeks never came back to India; Why the Greeks never came back to India.

Arrian, the Roman biographer of Alexander, says the only ‘victory’ celebration by Alexander’s troops was after the battle with Puru. No wonder the Greeks never came back! (About the author: Rakesh Krishnan is a features writer at Fairfax New Zealand.Read "The invasion of India by Alexander the Great as described by Arrian, Q.

Curtius, Diodoros, Plutarch and Justin;" by M'Crindle, John Watson,Arrian. Anabasis,Curtius Rufus, Quintus. Historia Alexandri Magni,Siculus. Bibliotheca historica Diodorus,Plutarch. Alexander,Marcus Junianus Justinus avai.Alexander the Great's conquests freed the West from the menace of Persian rule and spread Greek civilization and culture into Asia and Egypt.

His vast empire stretched east into India. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. In spring he was back in Susa, capital of Elam and administrative centre of the Persian empire; the story of his journey.